The Feasts (annual holy days) where not only commanded to be kept prior to Christ, they were also kept by Christ, and his apostles. If you look closely, you will find that the Church continued to observe these annual holy days after Christ's resurrection.
But have the annual feasts (Holy Days or Sabbaths) been done
away with at Christ's death?
There were seven yearly memorials or feasts that where commanded to be kept. (Three of which all males in the family where to provide an offering for God)
"Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which you will observe as holy assemblies, these are my feasts." (Leviticus 23:2)
1) Passover (Leviticus 23:5) " In the fourteenth day of the
first month at dark is the Lords Passover."
2) Feast of Unleavened bread (All males shall provide an offering). (Leviticus 23:6) " The fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread."
3) Feast of Harvest/Pentecost (all males shall provide an offering). (Leviticus 23:10) " then you will bring a bundle of grain from the first fruits of your harvest to the priest and he shall wave the bundle before the Lord, to be accepted for you."
4) Memorial of Trumpets (Leviticus 23:24) " In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you will have a Sabbath, a memorial blowing of trumpets,
5) Day of Atonement (Leviticus 23:27) " Also on the tenth day of the seventh month there will be a Day of Atonement."
6) Feast of Tabernacles (all males shall provide an offering). (Leviticus 23:34) " The fifteenth day of the seventh month will be the feast of tabernacles, for seven days."
7) The Eighth day/Last Great Day/Day of Somber Assembly (Leviticus 23:36) " And on the eighth day will be a holy assembly, a solemn assembly."
Now lets take a closer look at them.
The observance of Passover was a memorial feast to commemorate
the freeing of God's people from the bonds of slavery in Egypt. This annual
observance is celebrated the first month of Abib on the 14th day according to
Passover also marks the beginning of the seven days of unleavened bread.
Exodus 12:11-14 "it is the Lords Passover This day will be a memorial, and you will keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You will keep it a feast by law forever."
Exodus 12:25-27 "And when it comes to pass that your children ask you what this service means, you will say, it is the sacrifice of the Lords Passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, that he smote the Egyptians, and protected our homes."
Exodus 12:42-49 "It is a night of watching to be much observed to the Lord for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is the night of the Lord to be kept by all the descendants (as Christians we become spiritually adopted) of Israel in their generations. ..."
Leviticus 23:5 "In the fourteenth of the first month at dark is the Lords (it's not for us, it's for the Lord) Passover."
Numbers 9:1-14 "keep the Passover at its appointed season. In the fourteenth day of this month at dark you will keep in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, you will keep it..."
Numbers 28:16 "And on the fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover to the Lord."
Deuteronomy 16:1-7 "You will therefore sacrifice the Passover to the Lord ... in the place the Lord chooses to place his name. Observe in the month of Abib the Passover to the Lord your God, for in the month of Abib God brought you out of Egypt by might. You will therefore sacrifice the Passover to the Lord from the flock and from the herd in the place the Lord chooses to place his name."
Ezekiel 45:21 "In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you will have the Passover,"
New Testament observance:
Matthew26:17-29 "Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, where will you have us prepare for the eating of the Passover. And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed and prepared the Passover."
Mark 14:12-24 "And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover, his disciples said to him, Where will you have us go and prepare the Passover to eat?..."
Luke 22:8-16 "And he (Jesus) sent Peter and John, saying, go and prepare us the Passover that we may eat. I shall eat the Passover with my disciples. And he said unto them, with desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer: For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God" (notice here that Christ will be keeping the feast when the kingdom of God comes to earth).
1 Corinthians 5:7-8 "For Christ is sacrificed for us; therefore let us keep the feast not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."
FEAST OF UNLEAVENED
The feast should be a constant reminder to us of the need to remove sin from our lives, just as we remove leavening from our homes beginning on the fourteenth of Abib for seven days.
Exodus 12:15-20 "Seven days you will eat unleavened bread, on the first day you will remove all leaven out of your homes, for who ever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. And on the first day there will be a holy assembly, and on the seventh day there will be a holy assembly, no type of work can be done on them, except that the meals must be cooked to eat, and that only may be done. You will observe the feast of unleavened bread, for on this day did I bring you out of the land of Egypt. You will observe this day in your generations by an ordinance forever. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at dark, You will eat unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the month at dark. Seven days there can be no leaven found in your homes, for whoever eats that which has leavening, that person shall be removed from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a stranger, or born in the land. You will eat nothing leavened in all your land but you will eat unleavened bread."
Exodus 13:6-7 "Seven days you will eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day you will have a feast before the Lord your God, you will eat unleavened bread seven days. No leavened bread can be seen with you, or can leavening be found in all your homes."
Exodus 23:15 "You will keep the feast of unleavened bread and none can appear without an offering."
Exodus 34:18 "You will keep the feast of unleavened bread, seven days you will eat unleavened bread,"
Leviticus 23:6-8 "The fifteenth day in same month is the feast of unleavened bread, seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the first day you will have a holy assembly, you can do no servile work on this day. ... On the seventh day you will have a holy assembly, you can do no servile work on this day."
Numbers 28:17-18 "The fifteenth day of this month is the feast, seven days will unleavened bread be eaten. On the first day you will have a holy assembly, you can do no manner of servile work on this day."
Deuteronomy 16:3 "seven days you must eat unleavened bread, known as the bread of affliction, because you came out of the land of Egypt in a hurry and that you may remember the day when you came out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life."
Deuteronomy 16:16-17 "Three times during the year must all the males appear before the Lord at the place that he shall choose. At the feast of unleavened bread, and at the feast of weeks, and at the feast of tabernacles, and they can not appear without an offering, every man will give according to the blessings he has received from the Lord."
New Testament observance:
Matthew 26:17-29 "Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying, where will you have us prepare for the eating of the Passover. And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed and prepared the Passover."
Mark 14:12-24 "And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the Passover, his disciples said to him, Where will you have us go and prepare the Passover to eat?...And as they did eat Jesus took bread and blessed it and broke it and gave it to them and said, take, eat: this is my body. And he took the cup and when he had given thanks he gave it to them and they all drank of it. And he said to them, this is my blood of the new testament which is shed for many."
1 Corinthians 5:7-8 "For Christ is sacrificed for us; therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."
In determining the date of this festival, unlike the other feast dates that have a set date in the year, you count fifty days beginning with the day after the weekly Sabbath that occurs during the feast of unleavened bread."
Exodus 34:22 "And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end" (at the end of the biblical year).
Leviticus 23:10-21 "... And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; ... And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations."
Numbers 28:26 "Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the Lord, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:"
Deuteronomy 16:10-11 "And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the Lord thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the Lord thy God, according as the Lord thy God hath blessed thee: And thou shalt rejoice before the Lord thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the Lord thy God hath chosen to place his name there."
New Testament observance:
Acts 2:1 "And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place."
Acts: 20:16 "For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost."
1 Corinthians: 16:8 "But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost. "
This day is a Sabbath day, with the blowing of trumpets to signify the event.
Leviticus 23:24-25 "Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein:"
Numbers 29:1 "And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you."
Psalms 81:3-5 "Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob. This he ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not."
This is a Sabbath day of fasting, no food or water.
Leviticus16:29-34 "And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you ...It shall be a Sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever ...And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the Lord commanded Moses."
Leviticus 23:27-32 "Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls,...And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the Lord your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a Sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your Sabbath."
Numbers 29:7 "And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work therein:"
New Testament observance:
Acts 27:9 "Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them,"
The first day is observed as a Sabbath day.
Leviticus 23:34-43 " The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the Lord. On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. ... on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; ... it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein. These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, ... on the first day shall be a Sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a Sabbath. And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God."
Numbers 29:12 "And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days:"
Deuteronomy 16:13-17 "Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, ... And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates. Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the Lord thy God in the place which the Lord shall choose: because the Lord thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice. Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the Lord empty: Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the Lord thy God which he hath given thee."
Deuteronomy 31:10-11 " At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, When all Israel is come to appear before the Lord thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing."
Nehemiah8:14-18 "And they found written in the law which the Lord had commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel should dwell in booths in the feast of the seventh month: And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written. So the people went forth, and brought them, and made themselves booths, every one upon the roof of his house, and in their courts, and in the courts of the house of God, and in the street of the water gate, and in the street of the gate of Ephraim. And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness. Also day by day, from the first day unto the last day, he read in the book of the law of God. And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner."
New Testament observance:
John 7:14-2 "Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand. His brethren therefore said unto him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that thy disciples also may see the works that thou doest. For there is no man that doeth any thing in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known openly. If thou do these things, shew thyself to the world. For neither did his brethren believe in him. Then Jesus said unto them, My time is not yet come: but your time is alway ready. The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil. Go ye up unto this feast: I go not up yet unto this feast; for my time is not yet full come. When he had said these words unto them, he abode still in Galilee. But when his brethren were gone up, then went he also up unto the feast, not openly, but as it were in secret. Then the Jews sought him at the feast, and said, Where is he? And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for some said, He is a good man: others said, Nay; but he deceiveth the people. Howbeit no man spake openly of him for fear of the Jews. Now about the midst of the feast Jesus went up into the temple, and taught. "
Acts:18:21 "But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus."
THE DAY OF SOMBER ASSEMBLY/LAST GREAT DAY/EIGHT DAY
The day of somber assembly or eighth day occurs at the end of Tabernacles.
Leviticus 23:36-39 "Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; ...it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein. These are the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, ... Beside the Sabbaths of the Lord, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the Lord. Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a Sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a Sabbath."
Numbers 29:35 "On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn assembly: ye shall do no servile work therein:"
Nehemiah 8:17-18 "... And they kept the feast seven days; and on the eighth day was a solemn assembly, according unto the manner."
New Testament observance:
( John chapters 7-9)
WHERE DO WE KEEP THE FEASTS?
It says to keep them at the place he has placed his name, and that place is in one location upon the earth, that is in Israel, Jerusalem.
As stated above, the Lord has placed his name in only one place, Jerusalem, no where else can you find that claim or anything pointing to any other location.
Deuteronomy 12:5 "But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, even unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shall come:"
Deuteronomy 12:11 "Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD:"
2 Samuel 7:13 "He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever."
Jeremiah 7:11-14 "And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations? Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the LORD. But go ye now unto my place which was in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel. And now, because ye have done all these works, saith the LORD, and I spoke unto you, rising up early and speaking, but ye heard not; and I called you, but ye answered not; Therefore will I do unto this house, which is called by my name, wherein ye trust, and unto the place which I gave to you and to your fathers, as I have done to Shiloh. "
Jeremiah 7:30 "For the children of Judah have done evil in my sight, saith the LORD: they have set their abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it."
1 Kings 8:27-39 "But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I have built? Yet have thou respect unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer, which thy servant prays before thee to day: That thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of which thou hast said, My name shall be there: that thou may hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make toward this place. And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place: and hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place: and when thou hears, forgive. If any man trespass against his neighbor, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house: Then hear thou in heaven, and do, and judge thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his head; and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness. When thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy, because they have sinned against thee, and shall turn again to thee, and confess thy name, and pray, and make supplication unto thee in this house: Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which thou gives unto their fathers. When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflicts them: Then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon thy land, which thou hast given to thy people for an inheritance. If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpillar; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be; What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel, which shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house: Then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart thou knows; (for thou, even thou only, knows the hearts of all the children of men;)"
1 Kings 8:44-45 "If thy people go out to battle against their enemy, whithersoever thou shall send them, and shall pray unto the LORD toward the city which thou hast chosen, and toward the house that I have built for thy name: Then hear thou in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause."
1 Kings 9:3 "And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually."
1 Kings 14:21 "And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess."
2 Kings 23:27 "And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there."
2 Chronicles 6:6 "But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel."
2 Chronicles 7:16 "For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually."
2 Chronicles 33:7 "And he set a carved image, the idol which he had made, in the house of God, of which God had said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen before all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever:"
Ezra 6:12 "And the God that hath caused his name to dwell there destroy all kings and people, that shall put to their hand to alter and to destroy this house of God which is at Jerusalem. I Darius have made a decree; let it be done with speed."
Isaiah 18:7 "In that time shall the present be brought unto the LORD of hosts of a people scattered and peeled, and from a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled, to the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, the mount Zion."
Ezekiel 43:7 "And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcasses of their kings in their high places."
The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (Levi) 10:5 "For the house which the Lord shall choose shall be called Jerusalem, as is contained in the book of Enoch the righteous."
Numbers 9:1-14 "... If any of you are unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey far off, they shall still keep the Passover, only on the fourteenth day of the second month at dark will they observe it,..."
Scripture even states in Zechariah 14:16-18 and Nahum 1:15, that the feasts will again be observed. The question is if they where kept prior to, during, and will again be kept after his return, should we be keeping them now and how?
Though they could travel beyond their own borders, they where instructed to live within their borders ( Israel), making it possible to hold the Holy Days in Jerusalem.
The annual feasts (Holy Days) were not part of the law of Moses, but were observed before the ritualistic ordinances contained in the law of Moses was given.
Yes it is true that Christ did away with the sacrifices, but he did not do
away with the sabbaths, they still remain.
It is clear that sacrifices were also offered on the weekly Sabbath, but this does not do away with the weekly Sabbath, in fact, sacrifices were offered on every day of the year (Numbers. 28:3).
Yet how we observe them is not what most have been taught. To celebrate these days as prescribed, we are required to do so in Jerusalem. Seeing as that is not possible, we are to simply hold them holy as we would a Sabbath day.
So the answer to the question, "have the annual feasts ( Holy Days or Sabbaths) been done away with at Christ's death?", is no, just the way we celebrate them has changed.